The dead language: Latin is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages (Wikipedia). It is the official language of the Holy See, the working language of the Roman Rota and its public journal Acta Apostolicae Sedis. Latin has transcended throughout history to become the most influential language giving birth to several important languages such as Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French and English. Latin is immune to the frequent changes experienced by other living languages whose meaning of words is manipulated and distorted. It has metamorphosed through the centuries since; Ancient-Classic-Vulgar-Medieval-Renaissance-New and up to recent Contemporary Latin. From famous quotes and phrases, science & amp; arts, law and literature, Latin has had a profound influence throughout human history, ensuring its survival for the next few millennia.
From countries, institutions, military organizations, films and the media, the influence of language is felt in all sectors of our society. (Portus cale) – warm port in Latin is where Portugal derives its name; Similarly, Egypt is from (Aegyptus), meaning the land under the Aegean Sea in Latin, and the Latin name for Switzerland is (Confoederatio Helvetica) and takes its short form. Helvetia on your coins and stamps. (A mari usque ad mare) – From sea to sea is Canada’s official motto, with the US state of Missouri adopting (Salus populi suprema lex esto): The health of the people should be the highest law as its state motto, and the state of West Being Virginia (Montani semper liberi) – Mountaineers are always free. Britain’s Royal Air Force (Per ardua ad astra) – Through Adversity / Struggle for the Stars is their official motto, United States Marine Corp adopts the phrase (Semper fidelis) – Always faithful, and Harvard University ( Veritas) means truth who was a goddess of truth, daughter of Saturn and mother of virtue. Also movies like the award-winning Passion of the Christ infusing it for a more realistic feel, with movies that have a Latin subtitle and websites, radio and television shows, and magazines made entirely in the language.
(Ad impossibilia nemo tenetur) – No one is forced to do the impossible, one of the Latin terms you will probably hear lawyers use before a judge and law students must master. When the Roman Empire fell, the conquered regions under it were already accustomed to its laws, language and culture and therefore continued to use them. By forming its own set of laws for the resolution of disputes, Latin became the language of choice for those studying law and became the basis on which it was practiced. With the advent of major languages such as English, Spanish, and French, Latin was used less and eventually phased out, but it remained heavily used in law schools and lawyers for its terms and phrases. Some of the common Latin terms that come to mind like; (Actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea) – The act does not make a person guilty unless the mind is also guilty, commonly used in defense of a defendant, (Actore non probante, reus absolvitur) – When the plaintiff does not prove his case, the defendant is acquitted, a term denoting the burden of proof falls on the plaintiff, (Animus securei) – Intent to confess, (Amicus Curiae) – A friend of the court, and (Aberratio stroke) – Error in the meaning of the blow. a mistake in which the wrong person gets hurt. Regardless of the country of origin, you will never lose the use of such terms in the law, highlighting their continued effect and importance in the legal profession around the world.
Science continues to borrow heavily from Latin, especially in the minting of new words for the International Scientific Vocabulary (ISF): it comprises scientific and specialized words whose source language may or may not be safe, but which are currently used in several languages modern. (Wikipedia). Its Latin translingual meaning runs through modern languages around the world since; English, Russian, French, Swedish to Japanese, Thai, Kiswahili, and Hebrew. Therefore, a word like Femur: thigh bone remains the same when used in any modern language and is interoperable. The binomial nomenclature used by scientists to name plants and animals uses Latin with the main intention of helping those who have no idea of classical languages better understand and remember scientific names such as; Apis mellifera- Honey bee. There are a lot of common Latin names and terms that you are sure to come across like; Tibia- Shin bone, Fibula- Leg bone, Fetus- Fetus (fetus), Citrus aurantium- Bitter orange, Eubalaena Autris– Southern Right Whale and Eptesicus Brasiliensis – Brazilian Brown Bat.
Come vidi vici– “I came, I saw, I conquered”, Julius Caesar wrote to Amantius in Rome after a decisive victory against Pharnaces II of Pontus during the Battle of Zela fought on August 2, 47 BC in Zile, present-day Turkey with historians, philosophers interpreting the phrase to mean anything can be achieved if we are focused and determined on whatever goal we set ourselves. After Pharnaces defeated one of Caesar’s legates at the Battle of Nicopolis, he committed heinous acts against captured soldiers and Roman civilians. When Caesar found out, he declared war on Pharnaces and met him at Zile, a small hill in northern Turkey, he made a surprise attack on Caesar when he was pitching a tent on the top of the hill, creating confusion among his troops. and gaining ground. But Caesar’s legionaries quickly regrouped, organized, and went on the offensive, defeating Pharnaces’ army of approximately 20,000 against Caesar’s 10,960. Denoting Caesar’s clear purpose to defeat Pharnaces, despite suffering early setbacks, he stayed focused by quickly regrouping, organizing the troops, and achieved his goal by defeating Pharnaces. Such Latin phrases remain an inspiration, applicable and relevant today with institutions, individuals and governments around the world using them as motivational slogans. What; Judgment of Appius Claudius Caecus- Faber is suae quisque fortunae(Every man is the craftsman of his fortune), Petronius- Manus manum lavat(The favor for a favor or One hand washes the other), Horacio-Vitanda is improba siren laziness(One must avoid that evil temptress, laziness) and Caesar’s timeless phrase: Alea iacta is (The die is cast).